060818 Building Athletic Movement-part3

060818 Building Athletic Movement

Physical athleticism requires precise mastery and powerful execution of specific sport movement/motor system patterns. In order to accomplish these multifaceted demands on the body each of the interacting sequential muscle groups within the kinematic chain and kinematic system have to be functioning and producing their peak tension at the exact right time.

In the beginning stages of learning a new skill or exercise the dynamic elements are weak, which makes the law of facilitation immediately relevant. This law states that each time a movement is performed wrong it becomes easier to repeat and harder to execute the right pattern in the future. With each repetition the movement becomes more difficult to correct. Fortunately these early mistakes don’t have long lasting effects on the system-if they are continually modified in closer approximations of the exact movement.

As the pattern becomes closer to perfect the body automatically finds more effective ways to reconcile the discrepancies of the motor unit’s interrelationships. These changes are the result of differentiations in, and increases within the emphasis of neuromuscular output at the varying times necessary to produce maximum power when needed in the chain of events.

It is at this time in the training sequence that performance of correct repetitions begins to take hold. The relationship between the movement strength amplitude curve and the execution time decreases indicating approaching movement perfection.

Once this takes place the process is complete and the movement is performed technically correct with little to no wasted energy.

Summary:

Continual training in the techniques of your sport at the closest equivalent to perfection requires constant attention to the detailed execution of each movement pattern.

Fundamentals of special strength training in sport, Y. V. Verkhoshansky

300718 Building Athletic Movement-part 2

300718 Building Athletic Movement-part 2

Physical athleticism requires precise mastery and powerful execution of specific sport movement/motor system patterns. In order to accomplish these multifaceted demands on the body each of the interacting sequential muscle groups within the kinematic chain and kinematic system have to be functioning and producing their peak tension at the exact right time.

Each exercise or sport movement is formed by and evolves from a cause and effect relationship with the individual elements making up the pattern. The line of force which is developed to successfully complete these movements depends on the efficiency of the neuromuscular system. The relationship between these mechanisms is constantly changing in an effort to find the most balanced response to the required movement pattern. Meanwhile additions to the dynamic element are being added to the equation.

This latter represents the ‘rigid framework’ i.e. the determination of the spatial time parameters and the working effect of the movement. It is this dynamic concept that is vitally important to the athlete and their coach.

The dynamics of the patterns depend on the interaction with the sport implement; in the case of the lifter, the loaded barbell of dumbbell. This interaction is further divided into concentration and the dynamic reaction to the load.

Expanding on this interactive process leads one to the conclusion that we are not just discussing the physical expressions of the movement but also the process that evolves during the active accentuation of the motor unit’s responses to the external stimuli, i.e. the load.

020716 Age appropriate training plans

020716 Age appropriate training plans

Many young athletes are placed on a single sports track to what they, their parents and coaches believe is the road to success in their sport. However if the coaches and parents were up to date this would not be a one way street; instead it would be on multilane express way going in both directions with turn offs included. Young children need to be exposed to a variety of training methods. This exposure helps them develop, to the utmost, those physical skills necessary to compete at the higher levels.

Parents eager to have the next superstar are doing their child wrong by intently focusing in on one and only one sport. Let me explain.

Children naturally begin physical activity in a carefully pre-plotted course of normal development. During this transition into adulthood, and at certain periods of their lives, they become more responsive to external training conditions or physical stimulation toward acquiring specific skills. In many cases, girls will reach these stages a year or more before a boy will.

I am not saying the child will not develop on their own. I am saying that during these highly sensitive times in their lives they will be more susceptible to larger improvements in ability acquisition. Taking advantage of these times will vastly improve a child’s ability to function on the playing field.

For example, the development of motor abilities begins at an early age and continues on through adulthood. For instance, increases in the normal motor development abilities of training for absolute static strength a young girl aged seven to eight may begin training at low intensities while a boy would begin at ages eight through nine. This common age differential holds true almost across the board until each gender reaches their late teens.

However, training for explosive strength (the ability of the neuromuscular system to apply maximum force against a resistance in the shortest amount of time) carries with at a degree of danger to the young body. Training may begin with the girls around age ten to twelve with light exercises, but the boys should not start until they arrive at ages twelve through fourteen. This is simply a fact of nature; most girls develop earlier than most boys. It is only at age sixteen to eighteen when the boys can begin explosive strength training in earnest. At this time, their body will be in a receptive condition to make full use of the training.

Training for the different components of fitness also has periods of sensitive growth patterns for each sex. Both sexes can participate in and enhance their coordination skills beginning at age five with both being about equal in their ability to make positive improvements. This holds true up and past their twenties. A program containing coordination components is thus necessary throughout all of the training times.

The system of feedback between the nervous system and the physical activities is an important factor in the overall development, of and the adaptation, to the imposed training loads. Instituting various training combinations into the plan brings with it the ability to readily adapt to new conditions. These new conditions create new coordination patterns, which are useful in a variety of sport movements. Each combination of load, intensity, movement, and coordination forms the basis for new habits and helps to perfect the cooperation between the different body systems. This not only includes the neuromuscular but the metabolic functions of the body as well.

Even as we grow up, variety is still truly the spice of life.

Children and sports training, Drabik, J. Stadion Press, 1996

Ibid