161219 Perfecting the motor patterns of athletic movement
By Danny M. O’Dell, M.A.CSCS
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Effective athletic movement is contingent upon the utilization of ALL the appropriate mechanisms of the human body working in a synchronous manner. These units must provide mechanical movement via the system of levers made up of the bones, muscles and tendons contracting in unison by stimulation of the actin and myosin fibers.
The levers are in place from the earliest stages of physical development. It is the ‘perfectioning’ of the sports coordinational relationships and the ‘trained’ increases in energy potential that separates the novice from the elite athlete.
Included in the working parts of the body are the following interrelated aspects of the total system of athleticism:
The previously and very briefly mentioned pulling forces of the muscles via the actin and myosin fiber activation and the bone/muscle levers.
The intra-action of the antagonistic and agonistic muscle groups that surround the joints and the entire musculoskeletal system.
The qualities of the tissues that allow for the accumulation of, and the subsequent utilization of elastic energy.
The dominance mechanism, which contributes additional forces by drawing on collateral impulses from other secondary movements that are used to supplement the prime movement. Notice this is not a substitution of muscle effort.
The sequential and rational additions to the work being done by muscles with differing functional characteristics.