280516 Adaptations to Training

280516 Adaptations to Training

If an exercise routine is correctly planned and properly adhered to, then improvements in physical strength will result as the body adapts to the load. Exercise is one method of making the body accustom itself to handle the imposed training loads.For adaptation to take place, the following must be given strict attention to during both the planning stages and the implementation of the plan afterwards.

The stimulus magnitude, more commonly referred to as the overload



Individualization-The stimulus magnitude

The correct amount of stimulus or overload brings about positive changes in the athletes physical state. This load must be greater than what the body is normally accustomed to for a positive change to take place. There are two ways to manage the adaptation process. One is to increase the intensity or volume, and the second is to select different exercises .Training loads are divided into these categories:

Stimulating-the magnitude of the load is above the neutral level which allows positive physical changes to take place.

Retaining-also known as the neutral zone as the body is just maintaining its present condition

Detraining-too much of a good thing causes a deterioration in performance, the functional capabilities in the athlete or both the performance and functional abilities.