140516 Accommodation to Strength Training Programs
Accommodation to training is the second part of the adaptation process. If the same load and the same set of exercises are consistently used time after time the body soon adapts, and then stops making progress.
“This is a manifestation of the biological law of accommodation, often considered a general law of biology”. According to this law, the response of a biological object to a given constant stimulus decreases over time. By definition, accommodation is the decrease in response of a biological object to continued stimulus. In training, the stimulus is physical exercise.”
Inefficiency results due to the accommodation law if standard exercises and training loads are used over long periods. Training stimulus MUST vary in order to be beneficial.
This training stimulus must be as specific as possible to the sport or activity one is training for in both muscular coordination and physiological demands. A high transfer of training results when using specific exercises during the training session. However these two requirements present problems for the elite athlete. The training has to be variable to ovoid accommodation and yet stable enough to satisfy the demands of specificity.To avoid the staleness that accompanies accommodation, qualitative and quantitative alterations are made to the plan. Quantitative changes are those changes made to the training loads. Qualitative differentiation results in the selection of different yet specific exercises.
Elite athletes require broad qualitative changes to their programs to remain on top of their sport.